Ωρου Απλλωνοσ νειλω ́ I̐ ου Ιερογλυφικα = Ori Apollinis niliaci, De sacris notis & sculpturis libri duo / vbi ad fidem vetusti codicis manu scripti restituta sunt loca permulta, corrupta ante ac deplorata, quibus accessit uersio recens, per Io. Mercerum vticẽsem concinnata, & obseruationes non infrugiferae.

N7745 .H5 H67 1551 Title.jpg

Author

Horapollo

Title

Ωρου Απλλωνοσ νειλω ́ I̐ ου Ιερογλυφικα = Ori Apollinis niliaci, De sacris notis & sculpturis libri duo / vbi ad fidem vetusti codicis manu scripti restituta sunt loca permulta, corrupta ante ac deplorata, quibus accessit uersio recens, per Io. Mercerum vticẽsem concinnata, & obseruationes non infrugiferae.

Date

1551

Place

Parisiis [Paris]

Publisher

PRINTER:
Iacobum Keruer [Jacques Kerver]
PRINTER:
Guillaume Morel

Language

Egyptian
Greek
Latin

Contributor

ENGRAVER:
Jean Cousin

ENGRAVER:
Jean Goujon

Editor

Jean Mercier

Translator

Philippus

Note

IMPRINT:
Parisiis : Apud Iacobum Keruer, via Iacobæa, su duobus Gallis, M.D. LI [1551]

Colophon reads: Excudebat G. Morelius Iacobo Keruer, Lutetiae Parisiorum, M.D. LI.

Greek of Philippus (from the Aldine Aesop of 1505) and Latin, probably Mercier's own translation, alternating.

Signatures: A⁸B²2AB⁸C-P⁸Q².

The 195 woodcuts, 7 replaced, 5 repetitions, from Kerver's first French edition, 1543, variously attributed to J. Goujon and J. Cousin. F8r printed upside down, G7v pasted in repeats G4r. Order of woodcuts varies from 1543 ed. Kerver's device on final sheet, Q2v.
[20], 240, [4] pages : illustrations (woodcuts) ; 17 cm (8vo)

BINDING:
Nineteenth century calf, gilt triple fillet on both sides, gilt inside- and outside dentelles, spine gilt, raised bands, two red labels lettered gilt, all edges gilt, rear joint expertly repaired (binding by Lloyd).

HISTORICAL CONTEXT:
The first Latin and Greek edition by Kerver, following Chrestien Wechel's quarto printing of the first Mercier edition in 1548. The Greek is Philippus' translation, from the Aldine edition of 1505, the Latin text differs from earlier versions and is probably Jean Mercier's own translation. The Greek and Latin text alternating, Greek and roman letters, small Greek and roman marginalia.

This is the first illustrated edition with the text in Greek and Latin. Horapollo, the traditional author of this work, was supposedly one of the last priests of the Ancient Egyptian religion in the fifth century (C.E.) but he may be an entirely fictional character. His only extant work is this one, the Hieroglyphica, which claims to be an explanation of the Egyptian Hieroglyphs.

The text was discovered by a certain Cristoforo Buondelmonti, an Italian geographer and monk from Florence, who visited many of the Greek islands between 1414 and 1430. In 1422, during one of his returns to his home, Buondelmonti brought back the only known manuscript copy of Horapollo's Hieroglyphica, a compendium of interpretations of hieroglyphs. Previously, Horapollo's work was known only by references in a 10th century Byzantine encyclopaedia called the Suda. The manuscript of Hieroglyphica (which is now kept in the Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana) was very popular amongst a very small circle of Florentine Humanists, which included Aldus Manutius and Giorgio Valla. In 1505, Manutius included Valla's Greek translation of Hieroglyphica in a collection of fables and stories, and it was translated into Latin in 1517 by Filippo Fasanini.

The Hieroglyphica consists of two books containing a total of 189 interpretations which, in the Renaissance, were considered to be authentic Egyptian characters and it was in this period that the book became immensely popular among humanists.

During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries this authenticity was placed in much doubt, but modern-day Egyptology recognizes that Book I in its entirety and about one third of Book II are based on real signs.

Library Catalog

https://crrs.ca/rare_books/crrs-rare-book-retrieval-requests/

Num Pages

264

Call Number

N7745 .H5 H67 1551

Collection

Citation

Horapollo, “Ωρου Απλλωνοσ νειλω ́ I̐ ου Ιερογλυφικα = Ori Apollinis niliaci, De sacris notis & sculpturis libri duo / vbi ad fidem vetusti codicis manu scripti restituta sunt loca permulta, corrupta ante ac deplorata, quibus accessit uersio recens, per Io. Mercerum vticẽsem concinnata, & obseruationes non infrugiferae.,” Centre for Renaissance and Reformation Studies (CRRS) Rare Book Collection, accessed December 6, 2022, https://crrs.library.utoronto.ca/items/show/9797.

Files

N7745 .H5 H67 1551 Title.jpg
N7745 .H5 H67 1551 pg 26-27 Spread.jpg
N7745 .H5 H67 1551 pg 77.jpg
N7745 .H5 H67 1551 pg 222-223 Spread.jpg
N7745 .H5 H67 1551 Colophon.jpg
N7745 .H5 H67 1551 Printers Device.jpg
N7745 .H5 H67 1551 Cover.jpg